Niu Song, Wang Danyu:"Indonesia’s Palestinian Policy: Evolution, Motivation and Challenges", Arab Studies Series
Publish time: 2023-06-30 Browsing times: 27

SourceArab Studies Series, No. 1, 2022 (No. 13 overall)

AbstractThis article divides the evolution of Indonesia’s Palestinian policy into two phases: the first phase is foundation of Indonesia-2004, the second phase is from 2004 to present. In these two stages, Indonesia’s Palestine policy has both continued and developed. In the first phase, Indonesia focused on political support for Palestine. In the second phase, in addition to political support, Indonesia also provided economic assistance to Palestine and at the same time used the power of international organizations to support Palestine. Indonesia has always chosen to support Palestine mainly due to three factors. First, Indonesia’s support for Palestine stems from its traditional free and active foreign policy concept; secondly, Indonesia, as the country with the largest Muslim population, has a unique sentiment towards Islam; and finally, the influence of Indonesia domestic Muslim groups. Indonesia’s support for Palestine after President Susilo came to power has developed to a greater degree than before, which stems from Indonesia’s greater emphasis on Islamic factors in its foreign policy over time. Indonesia’s Palestine policy is also facing challenges. In the context of the Palestine-Israel conflict, Indonesia, as a peripheral emerging player, can provide limited support to Palestine. In addition, Indonesia and Israel have no formal diplomatic relations, which restricts Indonesia’s mediation between the two sides. There has been calls in Indonesia to reconsider relations with Israel, but this has come to a standstill due to the challenge of strong domestic anti-Israel sentiment.

Key Words: Indonesia; Palestine; Palestinian-Israeli Conflict